I have decided to start a glossary. I have found in my research across the interwebs that many terms and definitions vary. Sometimes it is because the writers English is their second, third, or fourth language. Sometimes its because the poster is like me, just learning these things and phonetically spelling it out. Often times it is because it is just a phonetic spelling to English from another language. In essence we all do the best we can.
So if you find one of my terms or definitions are misspelled, let me know I will do my best to fix it.
I am going to separate this into Muay Thai terms, and Kali/Silat/JDK terms.
Also of note, this is a living document, and I will be adding to it as learn more, or remember more.
- Arjan – Essentially a Grandmaster of Muay Thai.
- Box – Area of person or opponents space. For instance right in front of them is the box area. When you get elbows in that is in your opponents box.
- Clinch – term for grappling
- Cross – Straight rear arm punch, boxing strike.
- D.O.M.S – Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness – pain and stiffness felt in muscles for a few days after intense workout. Usually felt 24 to 72 hours after workouts.
- Hook – short range lead side curving boxing strike. This relies on body pivot and position to apply force.
- Jab – Short range lead side fast napping punch, boxing strike.
- Kruang Ruang / (armband we are awarded) – “Fighters also commonly wear a cord around their bicep called the Kruang Ruang (armband) or Paprachiat (Good Luck Charm). These are usually given to the 21 fighter as good luck charms by close family or by monks as talismans to ward off harm. These armbands are worn throughout the entire fight.”
- Kru – means guru or instructor.
- Matakune – or a jab that you execute by getting off the line, leaning back with your shoulder and stepping forward while leaning forward for the jab. This delivers a stronger jab.
- Mongkong – “The Mongkon (or Mangala) is the traditional head band which is always worn by Muay Thai fighters . It is usually made from a special cotton yarn, which has been carefully bound together in a special way. This item is used to represent the gym that you are fighting out of. It is essentially a crown. Fighters never own the Mongkon themselves, it is gym property. Also, fighters are not to touch the Mongkon. It is placed on their heads and removed by their Kru or trainer. It serves to remind the fighter that he is in the ring representing his gym or camp, not himself. In the past, each gym had a distinct Mongkon, and one could identify what gym a fighter was from by the Mongkon worn. ”
- Muay Farang – Foreign Thai boxer
- Muay Thai – (Thai: มวยไทย, RTGS: muai thai, pronounced [mūa̯j tʰāj] Thai Fighter or Thai Boxer
“art of the 8 limbs” Fighters use elbows, knees, kicks, and punches
- Nak Muay – Thai Boxer, amateur or professional Muay Thai fighter.
- Pra Jiad – is a type of armband worn by Thai Boxing/Muay Thai athletes. Originally it was given to a fighter for good luck and confidence, from the family members. Pra Jiad –
- Roundhouse Kick – this is a kick to the torso
- Sawk/Sook – elbow strike
- Switch kicks– are kicks where instead of cut stepping you are changing stance in place, staying in the pocket, and whipping your leg up into the torso quickly.
- Tang – said when kneeing, means to spear
- Teep/Theep – foot jab, foot strike resembling a push with the foot out front of you into opponents midsection or leg.
- Abecedario – means abc’s – most basic level it is a training method, we use it for backhand, backhand basic training
- Arnis/Kali/Escrima – Filipino Martial Arts or FMA, these terms are interchangeable.
- Basset – rear facing often times paired with another word like Dal, or Luar.
- Basset Dal (also seen spelled as Biset Dolem) – rear facing to opponent inside leg sweep
- Basset Luar – rear facing to opponent outside leg sweep
- Bong Sao – Wing arm block
- Box, High
- Box, Full
- Box, Low
- Cob Cob – Literally translates to tap tap and usually refers to striking in a witik style.
- Da – JKD term – means strike
- Daga – Knife or Dagger
- Dos Manos – two hands grip on the weapon
- Dal – between leg
- Earth – weapon pointing down toward earth
- Escrima/Kali/Arnis – Filipino Martial Arts or FMA, these terms are interchangeable
- Espada – sword
- Espada y Daga – sword and dagger, sometimes used together to connote baton and dagger fighting
- Equis…..”X” or “X” shaped strike
- Gua Choy – JKD Term- means back fist, or back hand
- Gunting – Scissors also known as “de-fanging the snake”. Where you slap, or cut the opponents arm/limb as you block an incoming strike.
- Hammer Lock – Martial arts or wrestling hold in which an opponent’s arm is held bent behind the back
- Heaven – weapon pointing upward toward heaven
- Hubud – referred to in our gym trapping flow drills – to untie or undress, when coupled with lubud, its a flow drill
- Hubud Lubud – to tie and untie, its a flow drill, to engage and disengage continuously for hand to hand combat
- Jeet Kune Do – Jeet means to Intercept or Stop, Kune means Fist and Do means Way. So essentially, Jeet Kune Do means Way of the Intercepting Fist.
- Kali/Arnis/Escrima – Filipino Martial Arts or FMA, these terms are interchangeable.
- Kumbiata Switch – you roll over/around your opponents stick/weapon to push through and strike their temple, or neck
- Lop Sao – JKD Term – Pull hand or grabbing hand
- Nao Tek – JKD Term – Pendulum Kick
- Ordabise – back hand strike around the head
- Pakal Grip – Ice pick grip.
- Pak Sao – JKD Term – Slap hand.
- Panantukan – is the Filipino Art of Boxing, in FMA (Filopino Martial Arts) it is the boxing component.
- Panastas – to Cut and Cover
- Puta Kapala (also seen spelled as – Puter, or Puta Kepala) – is a throw, sometimes called “turning the skull”. Modern Arnis also calls it a “rotary throw”. The spin actually works when you drag backwards while pushing.
- Ping Choy – JKD Term – Horizontal fist, body shot
- Punyo – pommel of sword, knife or baton
- Redondo – Circular forehand power strike from around your head. See also Umbrella, and Ordabis.
- Roof Block – Punyo part of stick up in the air, rest of stick pointed down at an angle to the left side of your head, called a punyo.
- Roof Check
- Sapu – facing opponent leg sweep, often paired with words like Dal and Luar.
- Sapu Dal – facing opponent inside leg sweep
- Sapu Luar – facing opponent outside leg sweep
- Silat – Martial Arts form South East Asia. Traditionally practiced in, Philippians, Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore.
- Sinawali – Means to weave. You weave and you use double weapons; two knives, two sticks, or two swords.
- Snake Disarm – are weapon assisted disarms
- Swimming/pommeling – where you are grappling but switching with partner, each person has one under hook and one over hook
- T – Full – stick flow combo where you start in open position, hit the head 13 strike, hit the 14 strike, down to the toes, swing up toward the mid section and back to 14 strike. (see diagram below for strike positions)
- T – Half – stick flow combo where you start in closed position, hit the head 14 strike, down to the toes, swing up toward the mid section and back to 14 strike. (see diagram below for strike positions)
- Tres Personas / Kilap Lightening – witik, forehand strike, to power shot down on the head.
- Umbrella – forehand strike around the head
- Vine Disarm – non weapon assisted disarm
- Visidario – Means transformative flow, or graceful flow from one technique to another.
- Witik – Means to strike and retract your weapon.
Model I made of the 17 count strikes for Kali, that we are learning from our gym.